Cain was religious but lost. Copyright StatementThese files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. I. Actions always arise out of either the sin nature or the divine nature, either from Satan or God. Enmity from the first existed between the seed the woman and that of the serpent. Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous. is used as a preposition. He, she, it, they, them, same. In A.V. John 8:40; John 8:42; John 8:44). I really like what you said about Christian-to-Christian conduct. Required fields are marked *, Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Designed by Elegant Themes Grant's Verse-by-Verse Logos Bible Software. Cain is selected, apparently, from association of the idea, moral and bodily, of the word brother; and the first two brothers of mankind are presented as types of the two classes of mankind. Not being of the Evil One like Cain, who put his brother to death. Evil… righteous—The antagonism of sons of God and children of the devil was the dividing line between them. Important purposes are served by the hatred of the world, and therefore we need not wonder at it. He was under his influence. because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous; or "his work", as the Ethiopic version reads: the sacrifice which he offered up, which, though it was not evil as to the matter and substance of it, yet was so, being offered with an evil mind, and with an hypocritical heart, and without faith in the sacrifice of Christ, and so was unacceptable to God; whereas, on the other hand, the sacrifice his brother brought was offered up in the faith of Christ, by which he obtained a testimony that he was righteous, and that the work he did was a righteous work, being done in faith, and so was acceptable to God; which Cain perceiving, was filled with envy, and this put him upon killing him. Because his own actions were evil and his brother’s were righteous. And who are they who, through pride, lust of power, ambition, gain, etc., murder each other in wars and political contentions? 1. And why did he murder him? Go to. Εκ του πονηρου ην, he was of the devil. And wherefore slew he him? Nothing but love would be necessary to put an end to the crimes, and consequently to a large part of the misery, of the world. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-john-3.html. 1905-1909. But who was Cain? 3:12 Who was of the wicked one - Who showed he was a child of the devil by killing his brother. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855. It would be simpler, οὐ καθὼς κάϊν ἔσφαξε τὸν ἀδ. But who was Cain? And who are they who, through pride, lust of power, ambition, gain, etc., murder each other in wars and political contentions? I write unto you, little children, because ye have known the Father…, Matthew 13:19,38 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. καὶ χάριν τίνος. Hatred originated in the Devil. But who was Cain? John, in this verse, sets forth two representatives of two different spiritual families: the family of God and the family of Satan. Thus there certainly results a good sense; but if the apostle had thought thus, he would also have expressed himself thus; at least he would not have left out the ὅς. Also ouk, and ouch a primary word; the absolute negative adverb; no or not. BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. especially Matthew 13:38.(220). ‘By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, through which he had witness borne to him that he was righteous’ (Hebrews 11:4). According to the manner in which, in the degree that, just as, as. He was under his influence. "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". Were there no οὐ, 1 John 3:11 might be regarded as a parenthesis: “he that loveth not his brother, even as Cain was, etc.”. (13) A short digression: Let us not marvel that we are hated by the world for doing our duty, for such was the condition of Abel who was a just person: and who would not rather be like him than Cain? BibliographyRobertson, A.T. "Commentary on 1 John 3:12". Used by Permission. BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Εκ του πονηρου εισι . Copyright StatementThe text of this work is public domain. A brother near or remote. Cain is an example of hate. Scripture taken from the New King James Version. οὐ καθὼς Κάϊν. 2. 1765. 19 (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. The fact proves there is no iniquity to which Satan will not prompt, and which he may not one day induce us to perpetrate. 1 John 3:12 12 Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. Broadman Press 1932,33. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/1-john-3.html. This is special proof of his devilish nature. No, but just the reverse; for his goodness. fol. Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. The causes of the enmity of the world to the Church remain as they were at the beginning, and therefore we should not wonder at it. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. " The New Testament reveals that Abel was righteous and that Cain's works were evil, as this very verse flatly declares. BibliographyBullinger, Ethelbert William. Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother. This is why non-Christians hate the confidence and conviction of believers who know where they stand with God. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. Not as Cain was of the wicked one and slew his brother (the construction is elliptic, or rather brachylogic, for nothing is to be supplied, as ἐσμέν (Sander), or ὦμεν ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ, as Grot., Lücke, or diligamus, as Corn.-a-lap. The verb σφάζειν (besides here, only in the Apocalypse), strictly used of slaughter, indicates the violence of the action;(221) the diabolical character of it is brought out by the following: καὶ χάριν τίνος κ. τ. λ.; the form of the sentence in question and answer serves to bring out emphatically the thought contained in it, that the hatred of Cain towards his brother was founded in his hatred towards the good, i.e. 1599-1645. of that wicked one — Translate, “evil one,” to accord with “Because his own works were evil.” Compare 1 John 3:8, “of the devil,” in contrast to “of God,” 1 John 3:10. slew he him? In later Greek it means simply to slay, especially with violence. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-john-3.html. (Hebrew), Cain, son of Adam and Eve and brother of Abel. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. Hatred. αὐτοῦ, ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ὤν. The devil ἀνθρωποκτόνος ἦν ἀπʼ ἀρχῆς (John 8:44). Of the evil one (εκ του πονηρου ek tou ponērou). & Jon. 42. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother’s righteous.” It was envy that first moved him to the unparalleled iniquity. Moab was irked because of Israel, or did fret and vex at them, as Exodus 1:12, yet they were allied, and passed by them in peace, and, by the slaughter of the Amorites, freed them from evil neighbours which had taken away part of their land, and might do more, as one hath well observed. 8. relate the occasion of it after this manner; "Cain said to Abel his brother, come, and let us go out into the open field; and when they were both out in the open field, Cain answered and said to Abel his brother, there is no judgment, nor Judge, nor another world; neither will a good reward be given to the righteous, nor vengeance be taken on the wicked; neither was the world created in mercy, nor is it governed in mercy; or why is thy offering kindly accepted, and mine is not kindly accepted? Ver. 1 John 3:12 Do not be like Cain, who belonged to the evil one and murdered his brother.
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