In social protection programs and in the workplace, women experience significantly lower labor market participation rates and earnings than men, and face institutional and regulatory failures, such as lack of child support, constraints to mobility, and reduced coverage for social insurance programs. While discrimination against women has multiple facets, traditional research in this area has generally focused on examining (i) the economic status of women; (ii) women’s access to resources such as education and health; and/or (iii) the political participation and empowerment of women. In order to improve learning outcomes for all, the education sector recognizes the importance of addressing multiple or overlapping sources of disadvantage. Learn about gender equality. The strategy helps rethink social insurance programs and labor regulations to expand the coverage of women. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. The Bank’s Social Protection and Labor Strategy 2012 builds on ongoing work to emphasize gender equality as a key outcome of well-designed social protection systems, highlighting the need for institutions, policies, and programs to close gender gaps. It is important for parents to treat girls and boys equally (food, sports, education, equal celebration at birth, etc.). Topics:  1 Include news about and for women. In order to address this knowledge gap, the OECD Development Centre created two innovative products: the OECD Gender, Institutions and Development (GID) Data Base (accessible at and Wikigender, an interactive Internet portal to share and exchange information on gender equality ( The program has expanded schools in poor areas, instituted teacher training, and funded scholarships to help children transition from primary to secondary schools. These will be achieved by enhancing the EBRD’s performance through increasing operations and improving delivery, with the aim of mainstreaming gender equality into EBRD operations by 2020 and by contributing to the creation of an enabling environment that can address the constraints which gender inequality places on transition. Many critical gender gaps persist at country and global levels, and the Bank will continue to use and improve all of the tools at its disposal to expand and strengthen investments in quality human development programs that address these gender disparities and create equal opportunity. CDIE; WFP 2002 "Final Evaluation of WFP's Commitment to Women 1996-2001, Full Evaluation Report, Final Report" Here are four ways we can help make a change, together. Identification of a new HLA-A*24 allele, A*24:309 , in an Italian bone marrow donor. Despite international declarations on gender equality, as, for example, in the Millennium Development Goals, only few countries have actually achieved gender equality in primary and secondary education. If you’re standing up for gender equality, it’s important to educate yourself. That may mean institutional and legal reforms, as well as better enforcement of existing laws. While the tool kit focuses primarily on the sectors and strategic priorities of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Australia's aid program, it is designed for a wider audience of development policy makers, planners, implementers, and evaluators. The GID and other statistical resources have helped us to come to grips gradually with the scale of female discrimination. 0000010789 00000 n 0000007644 00000 n Some of the richest countries in the world, such as Saudi Arabia, show high levels of gender inequality. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Second, involving people in this mutual learning experience will bring forth local allies such as workers’ unions, business associations and teachers who can help build pressure for change, as well as garnering wider public support and dispelling inevitable fears of change among citizens. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Promote Gender Equality At Home. Conversely, some Muslim countries, such as Malaysia, Turkey, Tunisia and Morocco, have changed within the overall institutional framework, granting women more rights with respect to marriage, authority over children, divorce, freedom of movement, dress and access to property. Similarly, the fight against gender discrimination needs to involve men much more than is currently the case. The GID shows that persistent discrimination and repression are most marked in South Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Middle East and North Africa. Mörtvik, Roger, and Roland Spånt (2005), “Does gender equality spur growth?” in OECD Observer, No. In the first round, 77 percent of participants were women. In education, the persistence of gender gaps among girls or boys depends increasingly on whether schooling actually produces knowledge and skills, and the failure is most severe for those facing multiple sources of disadvantage often based on gender, location, disability, and income.

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