Ziggurats had a wide base that narrowed to a flat top. Notable ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur near Nasiriyah, the Ziggurat of Aqar Quf near Baghdad, the now destroyed Etemenanki in Babylon, Chogha Zanbil in Khūzestān and Sialk. Ziggurat bases were square or rectangular. It … Ziggurats were ancient towering, stepped structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels. Ziggurats were huge, with built in steps. Ziggurat, pyramidal stepped temple tower that is an architectural and religious structure characteristic of the major cities of Mesopotamia (now mainly in Iraq) from approximately 2200 until 500 bce. From their inception in southern Mesopotamia during the Uruk Period, until the collapse of the Neo-Babylonian Dynasty in the sixth century BC, ziggurats provided an important focal point for the religious activities of the various ethnic groups of Mesopotamia. They were made of mud-brick that appear to have served as temples to the ancient gods of Mesopotamia. In ancient times, each of the major city states in Mesopotamia had their own ziggurat, however many have been destroyed over the ages. The ziggurat showed that the city was dedicated to that god. Two famous examples of surviving ziggurats include the Great Ziggurat of Ur in Iraq, and Chogha Zanbil in Iran. The Great Ziggurat at Ur was most famous ziggurat in Mesopotamia. Originally built by Ur-Nammu in the 21st century B.C., it was 150 feet wide, 210 feet long and over 100 feet high. It has the form of a terraced compound of successively receding stories or levels. The ancient Sumerians, believed their gods lived in the sky. In order for the gods to hear better, you needed to get closer to them. Each city in Mesopotamia had a primary god. The ziggurat was a temple to the main god of the city. At the top of the ziggurat was a shrine to the god. The ziggurat was always built with a core of mud brick and an exterior covered with baked brick. Ziggurats were also vital in the early urbanization of Mesopotamia as communities formed around the important religious buildings. During the Neo-Babylonian era, the ziggurat had deteriorated to just the base level. A ziggurat is a type of massive structure built in ancient Mesopotamia. Ziggurats enjoyed a long history and an important place in ancient Mesopotamian religion and culture. For example, Murdock was the god of Babylon, Enki was the god of Eridu, and Ishtar was the goddess of Nineveh. The Ziggurat was a temple.

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